Comparison of Egg Production and Development Stages of American Pakin Duck (Anas platynchos) in Integrated Duck Fish Farming and Non-Integrated Farming

Farzana Abbas, Muhammad Hafeez-ur-Rehman, Arshad Javid, Muhammad Inayat, Muhammad Arslan
Saqib, Somama Jalil, Ayesha Bhatti

Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan

In South East Asian countries fish-cum-duck integration is most common practice of raising fish and duck
at the same time. The mixture of fish and duck farming is a reasonable approach of fertilizing ponds for fish
production. Ducks are used to consume juvenile frogs and tadpoles to provide safe environment for fish. Duck
droppings provide essential nutrients which directly or indirectly consumed by fish as a good source of carbon,
nitrogen and phosphorous. In this study, there was stock of Pekin ducks with an average age of 2 years. The stock
was reared at integrated fish-cum-duck pond. There were two experimental group containing 15 ducks. i.e. 15 were
taken from integrated pond and other 15 from the control group with 1:3 male to female ratio. The experimental trial
was conducted at UVAS Ravi campus for the study of developmental stages of American Pekin duck embryo, their
growth rate, number of eggs and proximate composition of duck feed, eggs and droppings. Pekin duck is dual nature
(meat + eggs) and best for rearing on ponds. Pekin duck embryo, developmental stages were detail studied. The
control group was only fed on barseem or fodder. The amount of poultry feed was 80-100 grams per bird/day. The
sample of ducks droppings collected and dried for proximate analysis. Incubator management to egg handling and
storage were done carefully because a small fluctuation was harmful for chick. The hatchability of egg depends
upon ideal incubator conditions e.g., temperature and humidity etc. All the conditions were examined for the best
result. After comparative study of both experimental groups, the results concluded that integrated ducks growth rate
were increased and number of eggs were maximum in integrated duck-fish farming as compare to control group.
Key words: Developmental stages, egg production, fish, duck, integrated duck fish farming

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